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There are two main methods of fabric printing, one is the traditional reactive printing, the other is pigment printing.
Reactive printing is a chemical reaction that occurs through the penetration of the dyestuff into the fiber and causes the dye to form a whole with the fiber. Pigment printing is a printing method in which the dyestuff is physically combined with the fabric through adhesive.
The difference between active printing and pigment printing is that the feel of active printing is smooth and soft, the common saying is that the fabric of active printing looks like mercerized cotton, the effect of printing from both sides is very good; and the fabric of pigment printing feels stiff, looks a bit like ink painting effect.
1. Characteristics of pigment printing
Simple process, low cost but Poor color fastness, color becomes old after several washing; without adding softener, it looks stiff.
2. Characteristics of active printing
Good breathability , excellent colorfastness, soft hand, but the process is long and difficult, eco friendly, color and fabric feel is also better, there will not be a hard pieces of hand feel.
3. Identification methods
Know the color: pigment printing color is not bright, dull colors, giving a sense of color is floating on the surface of the fabric. Just like a layer of painting on the wall.
Smell: pigment printing with a lot of adhesives, without washing treatment, so the finished fabric will have a strong smell.
Touch feel: pigment printing feel hard, you need to add softener when shaping to feel softer.
Our fabric can be printed through different method;
Digital printing: espacially for small order quantity, rich color request, high quality printing effect.
Reactive wet printing: special for cotton fabric, rayon/viscose fabric, bamboo fabric, modal fabric etc.
Disperse wet printing: special for polyester fabric.
Acid wet printing: special for nylon fabric, acrylic fabric.
Pigment printing: especial for blended fabric, such as cotton/poly blend, poly/rayon blend etc.